Types of Goldfish for Aquariums and Ponds – A Guide

Types of Goldfish
There are over 200 types of Goldfish currently in China. GoldFish come in all range of stunning colors, shapes, sizes, fins, eyes, etc.
Selective breeding over centuries has produced several colors and types of goldfish. In ancient China, Gold Fish was a popular species among the elites.
By breeding and cross-breeding over centuries, again and again, some type of Gold Fish are so different from their ancestors, you can barely recognize them as Gold Fish.
Some types of goldfish can only survive in your aquarium with controlled water parameters. However, some types of goldfish are hardier than the original wild goldfish.
GoldFish an Overview:
Description Category
Family Cyprinidae
Scientific name Carassius auratus
Origin China
Type Fresh Water
Color Form Wide Range of Colors
Difficulty Varies from breed to breed
Breeding Moderate
Max. Size 4 to13 inches (10 to35 cms)
Life span 10 to 15 years
Temperament Peaceful, curious
Diet Omnivores
Minimum Tank Size 20 gallon ( liters)
Temperature 68 – 75°F (20 – 25°C)
Acidity 6.8 to 7.6 pH
Hardness up to 12 dGH
Carbonates & Bicarbonates 80 to 180 ppm
Nitrate >20 ppm
Ammonia & Nitrite 0 ppm

 

Species Origin: Types of Gold Fish

Goldfish types

Goldfish, Carassius auratus is a freshwater fish from the family of Cyprinidae, Order of Cypriniformes. Goldfish are native to Eastern Asia Add Form. They have been bred by the ancient Chinese for thousands of years. They are the first species that were selectively bred by humans.

Goldfish are a relatively small member of the carp family, including Prussian Carp and Crucian Carp. In the wild, they were a dull grey color and were reared for food like most of the fishes by ancient Chinese. This was one of the common fishes eaten by ancient Chinese.
However, when the ancient Chinese saw the vibrant colors coming out in a mutated species, they started breeding selectively for ornamental purposes.

This was supposedly developed during the Jin Dynasty, between AD 265 to 420. During the Song Dynasty people other than imperial families were forbidden to keep certain types of goldfish, such as yellow and orange varieties.

As they became more and more popular amongst the Chinese, the breeders were breeding more and more types of goldfish selectively, as desired by the people. As a result, today, we have over 200 varieties of Goldfish. 

In the early 1600s, goldfish were introduced in Southern Europe via Portuguese. It was considered a symbol of prosperity. 

In nature, the Prussian Carps are hardy and all-pervasive. You can find them in rivers, streams, lakes, ponds, reservoirs, and slow-moving freshwater bodies. They thrive in slightly murky water. Today, we can find them in temperate to tropical climatic environments.

Some of the types of goldfish are sensitive to water parameters. Whereas, some of the types of goldfish are hardier than their ancestral Carps. 

Let us keep reading to know more about the types of goldfish and their requirements.

Single-tailed types of goldfish:

Common types of Goldfish:

As their name goes, are the common goldfish types. Everyone has seen them and most of us owned them at one point in time or the other.

They have a slender body with a short tail and come in a few different colors such as Orange, Yellow, Red, and White. Generally, it grows up to 12 inches (30 cms), but some of them have grown up to an impressive size of 20 inches (50 cms). 

Water Parameters:

They are hardy, like their ancestors, and are easy to take care of. Common goldfish are peaceful and social. They can thrive both in Ponds and Tanks. They need a minimum of a 40-gallon tank and you cannot expect them to grow to their fullest growth capacity in a tank.

Common goldfish can live in a water temperature ranging from 55 to 80°F (13 to 27°C) with an acidity range of 6 to 8 pH.

Diet:

Their diet includes live and frozen food. You can feed them flakes, pellets, and brine shrimps.

Lifespan:

Generally, a common Goldfish has an average lifespan of up to 15 years. However, there are instances goldfish have lived over 40 years. They can live a long life if they are well cared for and of course with good memories too. 

The common myth is that goldfish memory lasts only for 3 seconds. As we have stated it is a myth. Goldfish can have a very long memory, which many research papers go to prove.

Compatibility:

They are peaceful community fish that are compatible with other peaceful community fish and with the other single-tailed goldfish.

Never keep them with snails and shrimps as the goldfish will have them for a snack. And also you cannot keep them with other aggressive fish like Bettas, Jack Demsey, and other Cichlids.

Comet Goldfish

Comet Goldfish

Comet Goldfish has a similar slender body the same as Common Goldfish Types, but with long flowing caudal fins.

They come in a few color variations just as the common Goldfish Types such as yellow, orange, red, and some are white with red patterns called Sarasa comet.

Their growth depends on the environment in which they live. They can grow up to 7 inches (18 cms) in a large aquarium, whereas in a smaller tank their growth is curtailed to a maximum of 4 inches (10cms). 

If you want to see their best growth house them in a pond, where they can grow up to 12 to 14 inches (30 to 35 cms). 

They are great swimmers and need plenty of room to swim. Hence, they make a better pond fish than a tank fish.

Water Parameters:

Comet goldfish are hardy, the same as the common goldfish types, and are easy to take care of. They are peaceful and social; can thrive both in Ponds and Tanks. They need a minimum of a 20-gallon tank per adult. 

They can live in a water temperature ranging from 55 to 80°F (13 to 27°C) with an acidity range of 6 to 8 pH.

Diet:

Their diet includes live and frozen food the same as the common goldfish types. You can feed them flakes, pellets, and brine shrimps.

Lifespan:

Generally, a common Goldfish has an average lifespan of 5 to 14 years. However, just like the common goldfish, they can live a long life if they are well cared for. 

Compatibility: 

They are peaceful community fish that are compatible with other peaceful community fish and with the other single-tailed goldfish.

Generally, the aquarists keep them with Koi.

Never keep them with snails and shrimps as the goldfish will have them for a snack. And also you cannot keep them with other aggressive fish like Bettas, Jack Demsey, and other Cichlids.

Comet Goldfish is a great pond fish.

Shubunkin Goldfish Types:

Shubunkin Goldfish is just like Comet but with a Calico pattern to it. There are varieties of Shubunkin Goldfish that come under single-tailed and hardy goldfish, whereas, the other types of goldfish fall under the fancy breed of Gold Fish. 

a. Japanese Shubunkin Gold Fish: 

They are also called American Shubunkin is characterized by its tail. Their tails are longer and sharper than the other types and forked out. 

b. London Shubunkin: 

London Shubunkin may resemble fancy types of goldfish, but they are hardy. They have a slender body, with a paired pectoral and pelvic fins. 

c. Bristol Shubunkin:

This has a slender body just like the London Shubunkin, but with a large pointed tail. Its caudal fins are rounder than London Shubunkin.

Shubunkins are favorites to most aquarists due to their unique pattern and coloration. They have an interesting calico pattern with dark spots all over their body including their fins. These dark spots are the ones we witness is the skin underneath the shiny scales. 

Generally, it grows up to 12 inches (30 cms). They are hardy and easy to take care of.

Water Parameters:

Shubunkins are hardy, the same as the common and comet goldfish types, and are easy to take care of. They are peaceful and social; need a minimum of a 15-gallon tank per adult. 

They can live in a water temperature ranging from 60 to 80°F (15 to 27°C) with an acidity range of 6 to 8 pH.

Diet:

Their diet includes live and frozen food the same as the common goldfish types. You can feed them flakes, pellets, and brine shrimps.

Lifespan:

A Shubunkin Goldfish has an average lifespan of 15 to 25 years. There are instances some have lived up to 30 years. However, their lifespan depends on the environment in which they live. In an aquarium tank, they may not live longer than 10 years, the same if you house them in an outdoor pond, they may live for 25 to 30 years. 

Compatibility:

They are peaceful community fish that are compatible with other peaceful community fish and compatible with the other single-tailed goldfish.

Avoid housing them with aggressive fish types.

Wakin Type of Goldfish:

Wakin is a type of goldfish, which is generally mistaken for Koi fish. They resemble comet goldfish and have 2 caudal fins and 2 anal fins. Due to this trait, one may consider them as fancy goldfish instead of single-tailed or hardy goldfish types. 

However, all the other traits make them more fit for hardy goldfish type than a fancy goldfish type.

They grow up to 12 inches (30 cms) and are a good swimmer with a large appetite. Hence, they belong in ponds rather than in aquarium tanks.

Wakin goldfish come in many different colors. The most common type is the red and white combination. Stripes of red on a white body or stripes of white on a red body are the common types of Waking Goldfish. 

They also come in brown, black, orange, yellow, etc. colors.

Generally, they live 10 to 15 years. However, some Wakins are known to live over 20 years if they have an ideal living condition.

Though they are omnivores, they prefer a more vegetarian diet. You can feed them low-fat food, including pellets, flakes, vegetables, and frozen food.

They do well in a temperature range of 60 to 78°F(15 to 25°C) with an acidity of 6.5 to 7.5 pH.

Crinum, Elodea, Anubias, and Java moss are some of the recommended aquatic plants where Wakin goldfish are housed.

Jikin Goldfish Types:

Jikins types of goldfish

 Jikin goldfish have an elongated body and double anal and caudal fins just the same as Wikin Goldfish types. 

They have a white body with red fins. They are pretty attractive with their neat and clean look.

Watonai Goldfish Types:

Watonai is a rare kind of goldfish type. They are a combination of Comet and Wakin/Jikin Goldfish types; have a pair of caudal fins with elongated and slim bodies.

Watonai makes a good pond fish although some hobbyists keep them in their tanks to see their beautiful long flowing fins and mesmerizing color combinations.

They have similar requirements as Wakin and Jikin when it comes to water parameters and the housing environment.

Fancy Gold Fish Types:

Fancy Goldfish Types has some of the most popular goldfish types.

Generally, an egg-shaped body is appraised as a fancy breed. 

Fancy Goldfish Types include Fantail, Ryukin, Veiltail, Oranda, Tamasaba, Telescope, Butterfly, Tosakin, Pompon, Black Moor, Ranchu, lionhead, Pearlscale, Hama Nishki, Celestial Eye, and Bubble-Eye.

Fantail GoldFish:

Obvious of their names their tails are shaped like blades of a fan.
Their dorsal fins are single fins, with a split-down caudal fin. All their fins resemble evident to their name, blades of a fan.
Fantail goldfish colors range from a classic goldfish to a multi-colored, including calico. Usually, they come in a few solid colors or a blend of orange, red, black, bronze, blue, etc.
Though they are classified as fancy Goldfish types by the aquarist in the aquarium trade, they are hardy and can thrive in a wide range of environments.
Fantail is a perfect beginner’s fish. They can grow up to 9 inches (23cms) and can live up to 20 years provided with the right condition with good care.
You can keep them with Ryukin, Lionheads, Ranchu, or Orandas.
Avoid keeping them with the delicate types of goldfish as well as with the hardy single-tailed goldfish types.

Ryukin GoldFish:

Ryukin goldfish types

Ryukin goldfish are from Ryukin Islands, Japan. They have a huge hump at the back of their head with a narrow face and pointy nose. Despite their humped back, their fins are large and flowy in comparison to their body.
Their caudal fins can have 3 lobes which the Japanese refer them as “cherry blossom petal tail”. They come in a whole range of color combinations red, blue, white, yellow, calico, etc.
Ryukins are hardy and make a good pond as well as a tank fish; don’t need any special care. They do well in a temperature range of 65 to 78°F(18 to 25°C) with an acidity of 6.5 to 7.5 pH.
You need a minimum of a 20-gallon tank per fish. In a 40 gallon tank, you can keep a pair of Ryukins.
Ryukins grow up to 10 inches (25 cms). Compared to most goldfish, they are smaller.
You can feed them with commercial goldfish flakes, pellets, and live/frozen foods such as brine shrimp.
Good tank mates for Ryukin are fancy Fantail, Lionheads, Ranchu, or Orandas. Avoid keeping them with the delicate types of goldfish and the hardy single-tailed goldfish types.

Veiltail GoldFish:

godgeous Veiltail goldfish

As the name suggests, Veiltail has long flowing paired caudal fins that flow around like a princess veil while swimming. They have longer and bigger fins than their bodies.

Its dorsal fins swag like a banner in the water. Their pectoral and pelvic fins are long as well as their caudal fins. 

Their coloration can be solid or multi-colored and some of them with calico patterns; the body color runs till the end of their fins. In general, they come in a blend of orange and white.

Veiltails move slowly, gracefully like an aristocrat, you will have no doubt, that it is an ornamental type of goldfish. 

Although they look so stately, they still can be housed in a pond with the right water parameters and environment.

Experienced aquarists, recommend keeping them as the guideline suggests. However, they can acclimatize to a wide range of water temperaturepH, and hardness over a period. 

Water temperature should be 59-73°F (15-23°C), pH 6 to 8, and 5-19°dH hardness. 

Most hobbyists keep them in an indoor aquarium tank. It is easier and simpler to maintain a stable environment than in an outdoor pond.

You will have to be careful with your choice of substrates and decors for your Veiltails as those long flowing fins veil-like fins could be easily damaged.

Commercial goldfish pellets float along with some live or frozen foods like brine shrimp as their main diet.

Veiltail goldfish grow up to 8 inches (20 cms) in length. 

Generally, their life spans from 10 to 15 years, nonetheless, Veiltails have been known to live over 20 years, if they have an ideal living condition.

Oranda Goldfish:

Oranda goldfish

Oranda Goldfish also called Tigerhead or Tiger Goldfish.

They have a peculiar swell on their head, called ‘wen’ by the Japanese aquarists. This wen grows bigger and bigger as they grow older. 

This cap makes them one of the fanciest Goldfish types.

Red Cap Oranda is popular among the most aquarists, which has a bright red wen with an orange or white color body. Other colors include black, blue, chocolate, reds, and silvers.

Their bodies and fins resemble the Fantail Goldfish type. They can grow as large as 12 inches (30cms).

You should feed them with high-quality commercial flakes, pellets that float as they move slowly along with live or frozen blood worms and brine shrimp.

The water temperature should be 68-72°F (20 to 22°C). Hardness should be in the range of 6-18 dGH and pH should be close to neutral (between 6 and 8).

Oranda goldfish lifespans from 10-15 years and even up to 20 years provided an ideal environment.

Oranda goldfish makes a magnificent ornamental fish in your aquarium tank. 

Due to their delicate fins and swim bladders, they belong best in your aquarium tank than in an outdoor pond.

Tamasaba Goldfish types:

Tamasaba is a brightly colored fish with an egg-shaped body with long single-tail fins. Ryukins are their ancestors. Tamasaba has the same hump and a small face, pointy nose just like Ryukins.
They come in solid red or orange, or bi-color red and white.
The Yamagata Kingyo, Sabao, or Mackerel Tailed Goldfish have the same ancestors as Tamasaba. All these breeds are bred to have only single tail fins.
Tamasabas is a rare type of goldfish. They grow up to 10 inches (25cms) and they grow larger than their ancestor Ryukins.
Tamasaba needs a minimum of 20 gallons tank per Tamasaba. For every additional Tamasaba need to add 15 gallons of water.
When it comes to their diet you can feed them with high-quality commercial goldfish flakes or pellets supplemented with live/frozen foods such as brine shrimp and bloodworms.
Tamasabas are hardy and strong goldfish types. They make a great indoor aquarium fish and a beautiful outdoor pond fish as well.
Koi fish makes ideal collocation with Tamasaba Goldfish. Do not house them with aggressive kinds of fish. You should also avoid shrimps and snails with Tamasaba as they will become their snacks.

Telescope and Dragon Eye Goldfish Types:

Telescope Goldfish is also known as globe eye goldfish. It is without a question is a fancy type of goldfish with their protruding eyes.
When a Telescope goldfish has cone-shaped eyes that stick out from their faces they’re often called Dragon Eye goldfish.
Overall in Europe and the Western world, they are known as Telescope or Globe eye goldfish and in the far east, they are known as Dragon Eye Goldfish.
It is pretty easy to identify them with their symmetrically positioned eyes. They have single dorsal fins, the caudal fins, and the other fins are paired and pointy. The caudal fins, flow just like Oranda when they swim.
They come in varieties of self-colored or bi-colored: red, blue, white, chocolate, or black and white, red and white, and Calico.
Although telescope goldfish are hardy and strong can thrive in outdoor ponds, you cannot keep them in a pond as they have poor eyesight. They are also susceptible to infection with their protruding telescopic eyes. It is good to keep them with other delicate types of goldfish.

Butterfly Goldfish:

Butterfly Goldfish is a synonym of fancy goldfish. They are a combination of Ryukin goldfish with their hoods, and telescopic eyes like dragon eye/telescope goldfish along with long flowing black and white fins.
Butterfly Goldfish is a popular type of goldfish among breeders. They come in a range of colors and patterns. White, blue, orange, red, lavender, etc.
For their diet feed them with high-quality floating pellets and supplemented them with brine shrimps and bloodworms. Their diet is the same as the Oranda goldfish’s diet.
Butterfly Goldfish grow up to 8 inches and need a minimum of 20 gallons tank per fish and an addition of 15 gallons of water for every Butterfly added.  You can either keep them with the similarly fancy breed goldfish types or single species tank.
They are strictly ornamental types of goldfish, hence you cannot keep them in outdoor ponds.

Tosakin Goldfish:

Tosakin

Tosakin Goldfish types are the mutation of Ryukin goldfish.  It was believed Tosakins have completely extinct by the aquarists during the second world war.
However, later 6 Tosakins were discovered in a restaurant in Japan. These 6 Tosakins are the ancestors of all the present-day Tosakins. Hence, they are perceptible to many health issues. They require a stable living condition. Changes in water parameters even for a brief moment can make it susceptible to diseases.
The experts recommend this hard to come by breed only to experienced aquarists.
Tosakins resemble fantail goldfish with their egg-shaped bodies and fins. They grow up to 8 inches (20cms).
The notable difference between the 2 is the caudal fins, Tosakin caudal fins are in a fixed formation that fans out horizontally.
It is one of the fanciest tails among the goldfish types. When you see them from the top, is a distinct trait of this exotic breed.
Their lifespans from 10 to 15 years.
 In Japan, usually, keep them in shallow ponds and aquariums to get their top views. They are one of the most delicate breeds. Hence, choose their tank mates carefully. They cannot reside in the same tank or pond with a fast swimming goldfish such as Comet Goldfish.
When it comes to their diet, you should feed them a balanced diet of meat and plant elements. High-quality goldfish flakes, pellets, aquatic plants and roots, blueberries, blanched veggies, brine shrimps, bloodworms, etc.

Pompon goldfish:

Pompon goldfish types

Pompon goldfish was an inspiration from the prominent 2 pompon growths on both sides of their face under their eyes. In some not first-grade quality pompons, these pompon lobes hang near their mouth as they age.
Apart from the 2 pompons, they have eyes like telescope types of goldfish and hump like Ryukin goldfish.
They have an egg-shaped body with no dorsal fins and double tail caudal fins.
Pompons come in self metallic colors and calico patterns of bi-color and tri-colors.
Often, Pompons are crossed with Bubble Eye, Fantails, Oranda, etc. for the new types of goldfish.
They grow up to 8 inches (20cms). They live up to 15 years in an apt environment and care. They need a 20-gallon tank per Pompon.
Just like Telescope, Oranda, etc., they don’t swim well either. Their diet should include both animal and plant matters. You may feed them with high-quality goldfish flakes, pellets, aquatic plants and roots, blueberries, blanched veggies, brine shrimps, bloodworms, etc.
The water parameters should be stable with a temperature range from 68 to 78°F(20 to 25°C) with a pH of 6-8.
They are best in the care of experienced hands, just like the other delicate types of goldfish, such as the telescope, Celestial, Ranchu goldfishes, etc. These delicate fish make good tank mates for our Pompon Goldfish.

Black Moor Goldfish types:

Black moor

Black Moor is known as the Broadtail moor. They resemble Veiltail goldfish with single dorsal fins and flowing divided caudal fins. Their caudal fins are rounded, unlike Veiltail caudal fins.
They have protruding eyes just like telescope goldfish.
As the name suggests they are completely black. Often, they come in brown or dull silver color. Some black moor starts fading as they grow into a bi-colored black and white or panda color. Sometimes they turn into red panda color with fading of black. They are also called Red Moor.
Black Moor or broadtail moor goldfish types are not for newbies. Only an experienced aquarist can house them with the other delicate goldfish types such as the Telescope, Celestial, Oranda, etc.
The diet and care just like the other delicate types of goldfish.
They grow up to 9 to 10 inches (22 to 25 cms). Need a 20-gallon tank per Black Moor.

Ranchu Goldfish:

Ranchu goldfish

Ranchu is one of the oldest and earliest bred goldfish breeds. They are also called King of the Goldfish, Buffalo Head Goldfish.
They do not have dorsal fins and wen much like Oranda. Usually, the wen on Ranchu is larger than that of Oranda.
Ranchu Goldfish is often mistaken for Lionhead goldfish due to their likeness. The differences between Japanese Ranchu Goldfish Vs Chinese Lionheads are the back of the Ranchu is a more rounded arch than the Lionheads and not so prominent caudal peduncle.
They come in metallic self-colored Orange, Red, and bi-colored red and white. There are iridescent red and white types of Ranchu are called ‘Sakura Nishiki’ and iridescent calico colored Ranchu goldfish are called ‘Edo Nishki’.
Ranchu Goldfish grow up to 8 inches (20cms) in length. They need a 20-gallon tank per Ranchu.
You can house them with other delicate types of goldfish such as Celestials, Lionheads, Telescope, Bubble Eye, etc.
All these fancy types of goldfish require similar habitat.

Lionhead Goldfish:

Lionhead
Lionhead Goldfish is very popular among the types of goldfish without dorsal fins. They look like cousins of Ranchu Goldfish. The only difference is on the hood and arch.
Unlike Ranchu Lionheads have flatter back and the classic double tail like fins. Just like Ranchu, the wen is all over their heads and faces.
They are delicate types of goldfish, needs an experienced hand to take care of.
They can share a tank with other fragile goldfish types like Oranda, Celestial, Telescope, etc. as the water parameters and the diet required by these exquisite types of goldfish are similar.

Pearlscale Goldfish:

Pearscape goldfish

Pearscale is a unique goldfish type with a spherical body and small pointy face. They come in metallic self-colored or bi-color with a calico pattern.

They have a high level of calcium deposits in their scales, which creates the scales to swells out like a pearl. With a rounded pearl-covered body Pearlscape Goldfish reminds us of a golf ball.

Pearlscape goldfish has a single dorsal fin that extends to the tail fins. All the other fins are double and rounded. The caudal fins lobes are divided and forked in opposite directions.

They grow to a length of 4 to 6 inches. You need a minimum of a 20-gallon tank per fish. 

They thrive better in water parameters with a temperature range from 65 to 72°F (18 to 22°C) and with a pH range from 6 to 8.

When it comes to their diet, you can feed them with high-quality flakes and pellets and brine shrimp (either live or frozen), blood worms, Daphnia, or tubifex worms as a treat. You can also feed them with blanched zucchini, carrots, lettuce, etc. 

Though they are not that delicate, they belong in a tank with the other delicate types of goldfish, rather than in a pond.

If you have a fancy to own unique species, Pearlscape is the fish for you.

Celestial Eye Goldfish:

celestial eye

Celestial Eye by no means is a beginners’ goldfish. They are a delicate fancy type of goldfish is a mutation of Telescope Goldfish. Unlike, Telescope Goldfish, Celestial Goldfish’s eyes face upwards inspiring their name.

It comes in classic orangish-red color. Of late, they are bred in black as well. Celestial goldfish are small goldfish types with no dorsal fins. 

Their habitat should not have any bright light since their eyes always look upwards. One has to be careful with the substrates and decors of the aquarium tank not to have any sharp edges. 

Celestial goldfish are delicate and susceptible to diseases such as Ich, dropsy, swim bladder, etc. 

They grow up to 5 inches in length and need a 20-gallon tank per Celestial.

They are sensitive to change in water parameters. Hence, it is imminent to maintain the water parameters stable with a temperature range from 68 to 78°F (20 to 26°C), pH 6-8, and hardness range between 5 to 19 dKH.

Their tank mates can be other delicate types of goldfish such as Telescope, Bubble Eye, Pompon, etc.

Bubble-Eye Goldfish:

Bubble eye

The Bubble-Eye Goldfish are similar to Celestial Goldfish body shapes, fins, and upturned telescopic eyes. 

However, the Bubble eye goldfish has 2 fluid-filled sacs right below their eyes. These sacs bounce around when while swimming particularly when there is a sudden change in their swimming directions.

The Bubble-eye goldfish are an extremely fragile type of goldfish with their upturned eyes and fluid-filled sacs with no dorsal fins. By no means they are beginners’ fish. They can be taken care of only by experienced aquarists.

Bubble-eye goldfish have a lifespan of 10 to 15 years and they grow up to 5 inches just the same as Celestial Goldfish.

They need stable water parameters just the same as Celestial with a temperature ranging from 68 to 78°F (20 to 26°C), pH 6-8, and hardness range between 5 to 19 dKH.

You need a minimum of a 20-gallon tank per fish. Their tank mates can be other delicate types of goldfish such as Ranchu, Telescope, Celestial goldfish, Pompon, etc.

Types of Goldfish – Conclusion:

It must be overwhelming to have such a long list of varieties to choose from. When you contemplate the list of goldfish types you can easily shortlist them according to the care requirements. 

It is also important whether you want them in your pond or a controlled aquarium environment. 

Most of all when you choose a goldfish type, you need to see how deep you dig into your pockets. 

Goldfish can live easily for over 20 years with the right care. In some cases, it may even cross 40 years outliving any of your pet dogs, cats, etc. Hence, you must choose carefully your type of goldfish.

Some breeds are meant only for experienced hobbyists, whereas, there are many breeds a novice can handle. 

I would like to write detailed posts on as many as goldfish types. 

In the meantime, we would love to hear from you about the goldfish breeds you have housed and the goldfish types you choose for your tank/pond in the comments section.

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