Java Moss is one of the most popular and uncomplicated aquarium plants.
Java Moss is a Moss, which belongs to the hypnaceae family. It is native to Southeast Asia. It is quite prevalent in a wet tropical region and grows on tree trunks, rocks, riverbanks, creeks, and other waterways. Owing to its low maintenance and care it is the most popular moss amongst aquarists.
It has various uses range from aesthetics to sheltering newborns.
Let us continue reading to know more about this strong and high-spirited moss.
|Growth Rate||Slow to Medium|
|Max. Size||3-10 inches (7.5 – 25 cms)|
|Acidity||5 to 8 pH|
About and the Origin of Java Moss
Java moss is native to Southeast Asia Indonesia, Japan, Java, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam, and some of Southern India. They are extensively grown in the terrains of tropical forests, tree trunks, rocks, and the banks of waterways.
The identity of this familiar plant is still debatable. Originally, it is known as Vesicularia dubyana. However, lately, this has been recognized as Taxiphyllum Barbieri. Many continue to refer to the original name, whereas, others argue that Vesicularia dubyana is a different species which is commonly known as Singapore moss.
Benefits of Java moss
It is one of the easiest plants to grow. This moss is one of the most versatile and alluring plants with a range of utilities.
Java moss Carpet
It can be used to aquascape your tank. Impressive green carpets can be easily created by attaching them directly to the substrate or using a plastic mesh.
To create a mat of java moss using mesh, place the pieces of moss between the 2 sheets of mesh and tie them with a fishing line, which can be directly placed on the substrate using suction cups. In time, the moss will grow all over the mess and cover the floor of the tank.
There is another simple way to create the carpet by placing the pieces of moss directly over the substrate and cover lightly with sand or gravel. With time, the moss will push out in between the sand or gravels and turn the whole floor into a vibrant green.
Java moss Wall
Using the same wire mesh technic, we can create a java moss wall. Use the two sheets of mesh sandwiching the pieces of moss across; tie the moss to the mesh using some string or fish lining. Place it vertically in your aquarium wall using suction cups.
Java moss tree
I find trees made of Java moss are the best. All we need is driftwood with some branches. Attach the moss over the driftwood haphazardly by using plant glue. Now, carefully, place the tree attached to the bottom of your aquarium tank.
Eventually, the moss will cover the driftwood to make it look like a Bonsai.
Many fishes like Ember Tetra scatter their eggs on the plants. It is a noteworthy option for egg scattering fishes. Once the eggs fall into the moss, and they get protection from the scavengers that include their parents. They make a great cover for the eggs and fry.
Besides, you can use floating moss in a breeding tank to provide a spawning base for mop spanning. After the fish has spawned remove the floating moss to a different tank.
Shelter for the fry
Biological and Chemical balance of an aquarium
Java moss is a durable plant and can grow in most waters and it doesn’t require any elaborate tank set up
In nature, Java moss grows in flowing water with a water temperature ranging from 60°-86°F (15°-30°C). Although it can grow in a wide range of temperature of the water, they prosper better, where the water temperature range from 70°-75°F (21°-24°C). The plant looks healthier in cooler temperatures around 23 to 24°C. The required acidity of water should be between 6 to 8 pH.
It is essential to keep the water circulating to move the water. Good quality water is the best you can provide for Java moss.
Java moss can grow with almost no lighting. It will grow admirably with low lighting just like anubias and Java fern. The advantage of keeping the illumination at the minimum is we can check the growth of algae.
So, reflect before you illuminate the tank with bright lights.
You could use fertilizer to promote the growth rate and CO2 to aid photosynthesis; however, Vesicularia dubyana can grow just fine without added fertilizers or extra CO2.
Java moss Maintenance
To keep a check on the growth, you need to keep trimming periodically. If it is left unchecked, it will take over the entire tank.
Trimming not only checks its growth but also can shapen into desired shapes in line with other decorations of the tank. The more you trim the Java moss, the stronger and intricately it grows.
Java moss – Common Problems
Clogging filtration system
How to grow and propagate Java moss?
Java moss is a slow to medium grower plant. There are many ways to consolidate it into your aquarium tank.
If you want the moss to move with the motion of the water then you just take the plant and simply deposit it in the water. Believe it or not, this will instantly make your aquarium dynamic and lively.
As we have seen earlier in this article, carpeting the floor of the aquarium or back of the aquarium wall is another popular method of integrating Java moss into your aquarium.
It can propagate itself from a small piece. Cut the moss into pieces and sand wedge the cut pieces between the meshes or you can simply place the cut pieces straight on the substrate and cover it lightly with the same substrate materials, such as sand or gravels.
It is important not to place the moss too tightly, so much so that one piece overlapping the others when they propagate. The moss pressurizes rotten and produces ammonia that is poisonous to fish and kills them. Besides, aesthetically it is better the rocks and other substrate materials that are visible in between the green carpet.
You can make a Java moss tree with the help of driftwood with some small branches. Stick pieces of the moss scatteringly to the driftwood by using plant glue and place them at the bottom of the tank.
You place the tree at the bottom of the tank with the help of plant glue or use the substrate to keep it in place. With time it will look like a bonsai in the aquarium tank. That is pretty awesome!
Is Java moss right for you?
Java moss is a great plant. It is a sturdy plant, which can handle the wrong-handling of a newbie and prosper in experienced hands.
Java moss has a substantial range of benefits from providing shelter fish eggs, fry, and small fishes to adding aesthetics to your aquarium.
It is an excellent plant to balance the ecosystem of the aquarium. They adapt to a wide range of water parameters such as pH, GH temperature, etc.
They can grow in almost no lighting and can thrive in excess lighting. It needs neither extra carbon dioxide for its photosynthesis or extra fertilizers for its prosperity.
Java moss is an inexpensive and widely available plant.
Furthermore, it is almost impossible to kill a java moss.